Acne is a very common skin condition thought to affect 80% of 11 to 30 year olds, although to varying degrees. Acne can also continue into late adulthood, with some people not having their first flare-up until later in life.
Acne is a caused by an overproduction of sebum which becomes blocked sebaceous glands and creates pimples (blackhead, whiteheads and pustules), which become inflamed. It can also flare up due to hormones, stress and environmental factors.
In order to treat acne you should treat your skin gently, use a foaming or gel cleanser twice a day, and dry with a clean towel each time, as this will prevent bacteria spreading, ensure you pat the skin dry instead of rubbing it. Use a non-astringent clarifying toner to tighten the pores, followed by a light weight moisturiser. If the skin is inflamed, and the spots are weeping then do not exfoliate as this will also spread bacteria, instead use a clay mask twice a week to draw the impurities to the surface.
Around 90% of women will be affected by cellulite at some point in their lives, along with a small percentage of men. It is caused when fat becomes trapped in the cells. There isn’t a quick fix for cellulite, but with a bit of time and effort it is possible to reduce it. Body brushing gets the circulation going, which is known to help with cellulite. Start with circular movements from the extremities towards the heart, always working upwards. When buying anti-cellutlite products then key ingredients to look out for are Butchers Broom, Lemongrass and horse chestnut. Massage the cream in using firm circular movements to break down the fat cells.
When the skin is unbalanced, with both dry and oily patches then it can be identified as combination. Most people experience this concern at some point. It is normally the forehead, nose and chin that are oilier, with the cheeks being drier. People with combination skin may be prone to hormonal outbreaks. In order to treat combination skin is it important not to use products that are designed to strip the skin of oil. By doing this you are going to leave the skin feeling dry, which increases the skins sebum production, in turn leaving the skin oilier again – a vicious circle! Instead, switch to a gentle cleanser that will remove daily dirt without upsetting the skin's sebum content. Always tone the skin with a non astringent toner, as this will help to level out the PH balance. Choose a moisturiser that is designed to balance the skin, as well as reducing shine. A weekly clay mask will also help to minimise the pore size, leaving you with a clearer complexion.
Dry Skin can be uncomfortable, itchy and even painful. For some people their skin always seems to be dry, for others it is made worse in the winter, or by central heating/air conditioning.
In order to improve this condition it’s vital to switch to a very gentle moisturiser, one that doesn’t strip the skin of its natural oils, or upset its PH balance. Use a rich day cream that is specifically designed to replenish lost moisture and offers much needed omega oils. Use a face oil in the evening to protect the skin and provide it with the nutrients it needs. A moisturising masks applied twice a week will help to replenish the skin with the vital fatty oils and restore the skins moisture content.
If you work in an environment that is drying out the skin then keep a spritz or non-astringent toner nearby and spray the skin throughout the day, this will not upset any make-up that you may be wearing.
Eczema is a very common, non-contagious condition that can be identified by itchy red skin that is often described as scaly. Severe eczema can also blister, leading to discharge and if scratched, bleeding. Severity varies with each person, as does the cause.
Suffers should avoid SLS’s and other harsh sulphates that will irritate the skin further, instead opt for soap free wash products. Keeping the skin moisturised can ease the side affects, and sufferers may benefit from rich creams and balms that are free of essential oils.
As we age our skins cells become thinner and lose their elasticity, skin also becomes drier as moisture isn’t retained as efficiently, this results in our skin developing wrinkles.
Whilst there is not a lot to be done to stop the ageing process, you can support your skin through the changes. Ensure you moisturise daily, this will give the skin the fatty acids and nutrients that it needs, look for a moisturiser with hyalauronic acid which helps to plump the skin. Using an oil rich in essential fatty acids can also help to keep the skin nourished.
The first signs of ageing are often found around the eye, so use a cream that is specifically designed for this area, as the skin is more fragile.
Oily skin is most often found in teenagers, but for some people this continues into adulthood.
To work with oily skin and calm the sebum control, it is important not the use harsh products that will upset the skin's acid mantle. Use a foam cleanser that will lift away dirt, and deep cleanse the skin weekly by using a fine grit exfoliator and clay mask. Choose a lightweight moisturise that will give a matte finish.
Psoriasis is an auto-immune disease that is most like to flare up when the body is under stress. It can normally be identified by raised red patches covered with silvery a white scale, which is a build up of cells waiting to be shed. Psoriasis, whilst normally found on the elbows and knees, can affect any part of the body, ranging from small patches that are just a few millimetres wide to covering most of the body, it can also be itchy and sore.
When choosing products, try to avoid highly perfumed products, looking instead for products that have high carrier oil content, to help to soothe the skin.
Affecting approximately 1 in 10 people, rosacea is fairly common. It is where the skin on the face is flushed or red, usually affecting the nose and cheeks. Rosacea can be triggered by a number of factors, including alcohol, spicy foods, cold weather and exposure to sunlight.
When choosing your skincare, always go for gentle products that will not be abrasive to the already delicate skin. Moisturisers and serums that contain roses are recommended to balance the redness. Never use an exfoliator on delicate and inflamed skin.
If you have sensitive skin then you have probably tried lots of different products, only to find they irritate the skin causing it to be red, irritated and even sore. In order to find products to suit you it’s important to go for those that are designed for sensitive skin, they will usually be free of essential oils, and contain little alcohol.
In order to care for your sensitive skin you should avoid extreme heat and keep the skin protected with a nourishing moisturiser or serum. Switch from foaming cleansers to cleansing milks, and add a touch of lavender to your water when washing. It’s best not to use an exfoliator as they can aggravate the skin.
Everybody is aware nowadays of the dangers of sunbathing, but you don’t have to lie for hours in the sun to put yourself at risk. Sun protection should be worn on exposed areas whenever you are outdoors for more than just a short period of time. If you are outdoors for a prolonged period, make sure to top up your sun cream frequently, especially if you are swimming or exercising. Also, it’s good to be aware that just because you’re using a high factor doesn’t mean you’re protected all day, it will still need to be reapplied.
When using suncream on the face, apply it on top of your moisturiser before applying any make-up.
If you have been in the sun, then an after sun cream will add lost moisture to the skin, leaving it softer and more supple, as well as helping to prolong a tan.