Accelerator: a beauty product that is used to speed up the rate at which tanning occurs. Accelerators are most effective when used for at least four hours prior to tanning.
Acer Saccharum: A species of the native North American Maple, this substance helps to rejuvenate the skin in order to make it look younger.
Acetic Acid: Sometimes used as a caustic or astringent.
Acetone: a solvent present within nail polish removers, as well as toners and fresheners. It is advised only to use acetone on natural nails.
Acetylmethionyl Methlysilanol Elastinate: A chemical compound that is used as a conditioner and anti-static agent in cosmetic products.
Achillea Millefolium: Obtained from the yarrow herb, achillea millefolium extract is used in skin and facial products as a tonic, cleanser and freshener.
Acid Mantle: The combination of sweat and sebum that provides the skin’s protective coating.
Acne: An inflammation of the skin that affects the tiny pores on the face, arms, back and chest and the oil glands attached to them. There are 3 main types of acne:
- 1. Acne conglobata, in which interconnected nodules located beneath the surface of the skin are inflamed.
- 2. Acne mechanica, which caused by exposure to heat, pressure, covered skin, or repetitive friction
- 3. Acne vulgaris, the most common acne type, associated with the following blackheads, whiteheads, papules, and pustules, commonly referred to as pimples or zits.
Acorelle: A highly distinguished French brand of perfume. Acorelle pride themselves on producing perfumes that are free from toxic-chemicals and are non-irritants for sensitive skin.
Acorus Calamus: An extract from the roots of the acorus calamus; used for its skin conditioning properties.
Actinic keratoses: which are pre-cancerous growths that can appear rough red, thick, and are most commonly found on sun-damaged skin
Acupressure: a process in which pressure is applied to different parts of the body which has pain to relieve it
Aesthetician: is a person who works with skin & cleaning process such as giving a facial
Agave Syrup: Also known as agave nectar, this substance is a food sweetener, but is often an ingredient in skin creams, lotions and moisturisers.
Age Spots: Irregularly shaped brown spots most often seen on the hands and face. They can be the result of over-exposure to the sun and may lead to skin cancer. They are also known as liver spots. A recommended product for this is John Master's Mandarin Maximum Moisture.
Alcohol: Alcohol is an organic chemical compound. Alcohol can be a water soluble solvent like isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol or ethyl alcohol (used to make drinking alcohol) or alcohol may contain the properties of a moisturizing agent like glycerin or propylene glycol or a fatty alcohol like cetyl alcohol. Alcohol may also contain the properties of a sugar (multi alcohol). Depending upon whether the parent substance (the alcohol compound) is drying or lubricating to the skin, the alcohol from which it is derived will be drying or lubricating. Alcohols are used as emollients, humectants, lubricants, emulsifiers, stabilizers, or tackiness reducers. Often used in face tonics for oily skin and pore cleaners such as Rose and Echinacea Toner by Herbfarmacy.
Alcohol Denat (Grain Alcohol): The type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks, Alcohol Denat is a strong smelling liquid used in cosmetic products including make-ups, aftershaves, fragrances, and skincare products.
Algae: Algae is a seaweed full of calcium, trace elements, and magnesium. It is used in skincare products because it helps the skin store moisture to improve elasticity.
Algae Extract: Algae Extract contains polysaccharides (sugars) that act as natural humectants (helps to promote the retention of moisture in the skin); alginates (components that provide moisture and elasticity to the skin); fucoidanes (sulfated polysaccharides that stimulate circulation); polyphenols (anti septic, anti-inflammatory agents and anti-oxidants); and fucosterol (an excellent emollient, blood stimulant, diuretic and moisturizing agent). Algae Extract is often used in beauty products for its skin-firming properties, for example in Frankincense Firming Neck Cream by Neal's Yard Remedies.
Alkaline: Any substance with a pH value greater than 7, also known as a base as opposed to an acid. Sophyto strongly believes in optimising the skin's pH levels and moisture content.
Allantoin: A botanical extract produced by oxidation of uric acid used in creams, ointments and other topical preparations for the skin for its healing and soothing properties.
Allergen: An allergen is any substance that induces an allergic reaction.
Almond Milk: which is an ingredient which is known for moisturising ability
Almond Oil: Vegetable oil derived from almonds with softening properties.
Aloe Barbadensis: An extract of the leaves of the aloe, this substance is used as an anti-irritant.
Aloe Vera: Also known as medicinal aloe, the extracts of this plant are well known for their soothing, moisturising and healing properties. The antioxidant compounds contained within the leaf extracts are also known to counteract the ageing process and keep the skin looking younger for longer. To feel the benefits of Aloe Vera try out the Santaverde range which contains pure natural organic aloe juice in place of water.
Aloe Vera Gel: a mucinous substance obtained from the leaves of the Aloe Vera plant. It has various therapeutic properties including antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory activity. The Aloe vera plant has been used for thousands of years to heal a variety of conditions, most notably burns, wounds, skin irritations.It can be found in a number of products by Santaverde, Neal’s Yard, Trilogy, Lavera, and Green People.
Alopecia: Unusual hair loss, most often on the scalp which can be caused by stress
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs): which are not too harsh ingredients used for exfoliation and are derived from fruit and milk sugars and used to help reduce the appearance of wrinkles and age spots.
Alpha-Glucan Oligosaccharide: A plant derived substance that is used as a skin conditioning agent.
Althea Officinalis Extract: A marshmallow extract used as an emollient is cosmetic products.
Althea: A type of Hibiscus plant, the roots of which are believed to have soothing capabilities for irritated skin.
Aluminium hydroxide: A stable form of aluminium that is used as a skin protectant.
Amarya: The origin of the baby name Amarya is Greek / German with the meaning dependent on origin: Greek: Eternal beauty / German: Steadfast, Immortal. Also an Apothecary of Natural and Organic beauty essentials!
Amber Powder: A fossilized resin from Amber trees, is used as an exfoliant to improve the appearance of the skin. Amber powder gives cosmetics a subtle aroma and distinct colour as well.
Amethyst Gemstone Powder: This form of gemstone powder is commonly used in cosmetic products to tone and condition the skin.
Ammonium Laureth Sulfate: this is one of the main ingredients found in shampoos, and is used to enable oil and water to mix.
Amorphophallus Konjac Root Powder: Originating from an exotic Asian plant, this extract is used as a beauty treatment for delicate skin. It also has the ability to smooth skin and heal wounds.
Amplifier: a form of tanning lotion that is designed to maximise the amount of UV light that is absorbed by the skin, thus enhancing the appearance of the tan.
Ananas Sativus Fruit Extract: This extract is derived from pineapple fruit, and its tonic and refreshing properties make it suitable for use in skincare products.
Anchusa Officinalis: A plant derived substance from the roots and leaves of the bugloss plant; commonly used as a skin conditioner.
Anise Seed: a flowering plant from Southwest Asia, commonly used in facial saunas to open out pores in the skin. Also used in hair rinses.
Annane: A manufacturer of skin-care cosmetics. Annane exclusively use natural ingredients in their products.
Anthemis Nobilis: A volatile oil from the dried heads of the Anthemis nobilis; is a tonic and is also used as a skin conditioner.
Anthyllis Vulneraria Extract: A skin conditioning agent derived from the plant of the Anthyllis Vulneraria.
Anti-aging: a cream that can help to reduce the natural aging process of the skin, resulting in a more youthful appearance. The term is also used to describe the treatment for premature aging diseases. For example, Xingu Anti Oxidant Protection Cream, Regenerating Serum or Keep Young and Beautiful Serum
Anti-carcinogen: used to prevent cancerous carcinomas forming on the skin.
Antioxidants: Antioxidants commonly found in food sources are vitamin a, vitamin c, vitamin e, minerals, beta carotene, lycopene etc. They are known to boost your immunity and help slow down ageing. Here is a great product to help to prevent skin ageing process at any age and stimulates cell renewal - by neutralising damaging free radicals: Madara Regenerating Night Cream
Antiperspirant: A substance, containing aluminium salt, that is used to prevent sweating and body odour.
Antiseptic: an anti-microbial substance that is applied to the skin in order to reduce the risk of infection. The substance is also used to act against bacteria on the skin.
Apple (Pyrus Malus) Cider Vinegar: The result of the fermentation of apples which, as well as being a popular addition to food, also helps to regulate the ph balance of the skin. Its lack of sulphurisation also appeals to lovers of organic and natural skincare
Apricot Oil: From the kernels of an apricot, apricot oil is used to relax the body muscles and to promote supple and moist skin.
Apricot Puree: Obtained from the apricot friut, apricot puree is applied topically to the skin due to its moisturising abilities.
Aqua: (Water) An essential part of any beauty routine. Cleanses the skin and rehydrates.
Arachidyl Glucoside: A surfactant and biodegradable emulsifier that is very easily absorbed by the skin. Is used to leave the skin feeling soft and non-greasy.
Arctium Lappa: An extract from the roots of the burdoch; used as a tonic, astringent and a skin conditioner.
ArctostapHylos Uva Ursi Leaf Extract: The extract from a small, evergreen, ground level shrub. It is used for its astringent and bleaching properties.
Argan Oil: comes from the nuts of the Moroccan Argan tree and has been used in beauty products for hundreds of years. It contains 80% Omega 3 & Omega 9 fatty acids, antioxidants and sterols. It is beneficial for both hair and skin, smoothing hair and improving skin elasticity. See John Master's 100% Argan Oil
Argania Spinosa Kernel Extract: Known as Argan Oil, this substance is used in skin conditioning formulations.
Arginine: An amino acid; used as an antistatic in cosmetic products.
Arnica: (Arnica Montana) Extract - Coming from a yellow flower of the daisy family, which helps inflammation, disinfection, the healing of wounds, pain and muscle relief and the regeneration of tissue. Comes in many forms, for example tablets or topical creams for bruises. Arnica Montana also has antidandruff and antimicrobial properties. See Weleda's Massage Balm with Arnica or Dr. Hauschka's Birch Arnica Body Oil
Aromatherapy: A treatment that uses the scents and aromas of floral and herbal extracts and essential oils to affect how we feel and act. Properties associated with aromatherapy ingredients include calming, soothing, invigorating and stimulating effects. Aromatherapy is heavily used in beauty products and whole product lines are often based upon one essential oil. Essential oils can be mixed creating different blends with different effect like in Aromatic Shower & Body Care Collection by Neal's Yard Remedies.
Ascorbic Acid: (Vitamin C) Found naturally in fruits and green vegetables and is essential for normal metabolism, wound healing, and tissue repair. Important for healthy skin, teeth, bones, and blood vessels. Ascorbic Acid is often used as a preservative and as an anti-oxidant to help prevent free radical damage in the skin.
Ascorbyl Palmitate: Known as Vitamin C Ester, this substance is an anti-oxidant that captures free radicals on the skin.
Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate: An oil soluble form of Vitamin C that is used to treat acne and reduce the impact of aging on the skin.
Asparagusracemosus Root Powder: A species of asparagus found in India that is used to treat gastric ulcers and bacterial skin conditions.
Astringent: a substance that constricts the pores and controls surface oils. Has the effect of tightening the skin and making it appear firm.
Athrospira Platensis: A bacterial organism that encourages good vision, hair, nails and skin.
Atopic: is when you have an antibody present in the skin makes someone more likely to experience allergic reactions.
Atopic Dermatitis: is a type of non-contagious eczema or chronic skin allergy resulting in itchy skin. Also known as neurodermitis.
Atrophy: A thinning condition of the epidermal and dermal skin layers. Atrophy may be caused by the application of topical corticosteroids.
Avena Sativa Extract: Oat extract that is used to enhance the moisture retention capabilities of the skin.
Avocado (Persea Gratissima) Extract: An extract derived from the avocado fruit, this substance is used in cosmetic products for its smoothing, skin conditioning and moisturising abilities. See Essential Care's Avocado Replenishing Cream
Ayuverda: originating from India, Ayuverda is a method that results in natural healing. Commonly involves the use of herbal treatments, in addition to aspects of yoga, meditation, massage and nutritional food.
Azadirachta Indica: A skin conditioning and anti-aging substance that is derived from the tropical neem tree, native to the Indomalaysian region.
Azulene: An anti-inflammatory and soothing agent derived steam distillation of German chamomile. It is dark blue in colour, hence its name, which is derived from Azul, the Spanish word for blue.The agent can also be used to treat existing carcinomas and reduce the severity of any carcinomas that do form.
Bacteria: Micro-organisms that can cause harm to the human body by releasing poisons.
Baking Soda: Baking soda has skin soothing and softening properties and is commonly used as an anti-irritant within products that are mixed with bath water.
Balm: (Liniment) Has a lotion like consistency and is always rubbed into the body. Can help to soothe muscular and arthritic pain. Is available in many forms, for example, Weleda After Shave Balm or Trilogy's Everything Balm.
Balm Mint Extract: An extract derived from the balm mint plant, balm mint extract contains oils that have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
Banana Oil: Often used as a solvent (to help dissolve other substances) in cosmetic products.
Bannana Puree: A popular ingredient in facial masks and creams, due to the ability to smoothen and soften the skin.
Barberry: A bush that is used to treat liver conditions. Barberry can also enhance digestion and appetite. It is not suitable for use in pregnancy as it can slow down the heartbeat and cause respiratory effects.
Barely Organic: Commonly used in bathing products to soothe aching muscles. Also, often used in facial masks to treat the skin.
Basal cell carcinoma: A Type of skin cancer that forms at the base of the epidermis layer of the skin and does not spread to other parts of the body this is associated with too much sun.
Base: A makeup that is coloured to match the skin colour of the individual in order to smooth the skin’s surface and to even out the colours.
Basil: Basil is an anti-inflammatory oil that is used to soothe the skin and reduce swelling of the skin. It is also known to help prevent vomiting when used within herbal teas.
Bayberry: Bayberry is used to improve skin tone and to enhance the circulation of blood throughout the body.
Basecoat: A clear, nail polish applied before nail colour to create a smooth and adhesive surface for nail colour. A basecoat can prevent the staining of fingernails and add to the life of nail colour. It can also prevent early chipping of polish. An example can be Zoya Anchor Base Coat.
Beeswax: a yellowish wax that honeybees secrete and use for building their honeycomb. A long standing cosmetic ingredient used as a thickener, emulsifier, humectant, and stiffing agent in ointments, cold creams, lotions, lipsticks, etc. It is now being used as a hair removing wax and is often contained in natural & organic lip balms like Lip Balm by Dr. Hauschka. It has wonderfully emollient, soothing and softening properties and helps the skin retain moisture.
Beet Extract: Used within hair dyes due to its intense red colour.
Behentrimonium Methosulfate: A sulfate that is used in cosmetics as a surfactant (removes dirt and unwanted substances) and hair conditioner.
Behenyl Alcohol: A saturated, fatty alcohol that acts as an emollient to soften the skin.
Bentonite (Kaolin): Also known as "china clay". Generally, these clays are used in facial masks to absorb excess facial oil hence suitable for oily skin. Although, it can dry-out the skin if used too often, and in some cases it may even clog the pores.
Benzoyl Peroxide: Benzoyl Peroxide is on the World Health Organisation’s list of essential medicines. It is available as either a gel or a cream and is primarily used as an acne treatment. Is also used to bleach hair and teeth.
Benzyl alcohol: A colourless organic compound used within cosmetics due to its pleasant odour. Bezyl alcohol is a useful solvent due to its low toxicity and low vapour pressure.
Benzyl Salicylate: A chemical compound that is commonly found in floral fragrances. Benzyl Salicylate comes in the form of a colourless liquid.
Bergamot: An extract from the rind of the bergamot orange. It contains antiseptic and antibacterial properties. It is also contains toning, deodorizing, and fragrant properties. Contained in Neal's Yard Remedies Garden Mint & Bergamot Hand Wash
Beta Carotene: An anti-oxidant (Vitamin A – retinol). It helps protect the skin from the effects of free radicals and sun damage. It is recommended to take beta carotene pills before summer, alternatively you can use drinks like Perfect Sun Beauty Drink by Santaverde
Beta Glucan: A yeast extract that is used to strengthen the immune system. Beta Glucan works with a protein named mannoprotein in order to penetrate the epidermis to achieve this. Plant derived substance used as a film forming and viscosity controlling agent.
Beta Hydroxy: a ingredient which is used in exfoliating products and has smaller molecules in it than other hydroxies.
Beta Hydroxy Acid: An exfoliating agent used to remove dead layers of skin, to rejuvenate the skin, and to reduce the effects of finer wrinkles.
Beyond Organic: A manufacturer of organic beauty products. Beyond Organic products are high in Vitamins, Omegas, and Anti-Oxidants. The products are not tested on animals and are all suitable for vegetarians.
Bioflavonoid: Bioflavonoid are essential for maintaining the strength and permeability of blood capillaries. Rutin, Qercetin and Hespeiridin are all types of essential bioflavonoid.
Biotin: Known as vitamin H, this part of the vitamin B complex is found in all living cells. Biotin helps convert fats, proteins and carbohydrates into body fuel.
Birch Leaves: Birch leaves are often made into diuretic teas and also used to make extracts for dyes and as a conditioning agent in cosmetic skin products.
Bisabolol: A cosmetic ingredient that is used for its anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-irritant properties.
Bismuth Citrate: This is a type of hair dye that is only used for the scalp.
Bismuth Oxychloride: A natural ingredient, found in many mineral based cosmetics. Is used to give make-up a silky feel, although is known to be an irritant to sensitive skin.
Blackheads: Known as an open comedone, it is a clogging of the skin's pores, clogged by natural oils and impurities. A blackhead can be characterized as a mixture of dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria exposed to oxygen.
Blemish: a skin discolouration which appears when a pore is clogged from your natural body oils or makeup and becomes infected, resulting in a black/whitehead, which then can burst due to picking or squeezing!
Blepharoplasty: is a Cosmetic procedure to remove excess fat and skin from around the eyes
Blotting: A process which removes excess oil or moisture from lipstick or any other creamy makeup adding to the longevity of the product’s external application (“set” for longer wear). This term is also used when removing excess oils from skin using 'blotting papers'
Boar Bristle: This type of bristle is used in traditional bristle brushes.
Bodhi: A manufacturer of cosmetics, Bodhi produces products that are healthy for both body and skin. The term Bodhi means enlightenment and can be translated as “to awaken” or “to understand”.
Body: A term used to describe the volume of hair.
Bois de Rose Oil: Comes from the rosewood tree, bois de rose oil is used to treat skin dryness, irritation and swelling.
Bombyx Extract: A skin conditioning agent obtained from the crushed silkworm.
Borago Oil: Derived from the leaves of the Borago officinalis, Borago Oil is used as an emollient in cosmetic formulas.
Boswellia Carterii Oil: Plant derived oil from the bark of the olibanum; used in cosmetic for its tonic and soothing properties. Also known as Frankincense oil.
Botanical: Botanical refers to a natural ingredient that is extracted from a plant.
Botanicals: A brand of beauty products, where the formulas are handmade with natural and organic substances.
Botox: Is used to reduce the effects of wrinkles and frown lines. Botox has the ability to temporarily paralyze a muscle even when used in small amounts.
Brassica Alba Extract: An extract from the seeds of the white mustard plant; has antimicrobial properties for use in skincare products.
Brassica Campestris (Rapeseed) Sterols: Oil from the rapeseed, used as a skin conditioner and moisturiser.
Brevoortia Oil: This substance is used to help oil and water dissolve together in cosmetic formulas. Brevoortia oil is an extract from the small Atlantic fish the menhaden.
Bronzers: A product used to darken the natural colour of the skin. Bronzers come in cream or powder forms and are not the same as self-tanners. Self tanners actually alter the colour of the skin, but bronzers only give the impression of darker skin and can be washed off with soap. Click here to see all bronzers
Bronzing: a process in which products are applied to darken the skin and leave it looking more browner
Buffing: The act of polishing the skin to remove dead cells and impurities, leaving it radiant, purified and glowing. Can be achieved through a number of applications - creams, mitts or scrubs. (Trilogy Facial Exfoliant, Caudalie Gentle Buffing Cream, and Spiezia Rose and Chamomile Face Scrub) Out with the old and in with the new! Be bright, be beautiful, be buffed!
Burdock: A root extract; this has great antibacterial properties and can be used on skin conditions such as redness, acne, eczema, and rashes. Also helps to reduce inflammations. See Dandelion and Burdock Tincture by Herbfarmacy.
Bur-Marigold: An annual herb that is used to treat inflammations and irritations of the skin.
Butchers Broom: A botanical extract which is used to improve circulation & drainage but reduces facial redness or the condition Rosacea
Butylene Glycol: A clear, colourless liquid used in personal care products such as eye and face makeup, hair and bath conditioners, and shaving and skincare products.
Butylphenyl Methylpropional: A liquid that is either colourless of pale yellow in apperance, which has a strong revitalizing odour. Often used in bath soaps, moisturisers, perfumes and other cosmetic products.
Butyrospermum Parkii: A plant-derived butter from the karite tree. Butyrospermum Parkii is an emollient and skin conditioner.
Buxus Chinensis: Plant-derived oil from the seeds of the jojoba, buxus chinensis is used in cosmetics to moisturise the skin.
Cajeput Oil: Cajeput oil is extracted from the Melaleuca Leucodendron plant and is used as an antiseptic.
Calamus: Calamus comes from a plant root and is used to help provide relief for digestive disorders such as indigestion and stomach cramps. Calamus is also believed to be able to clear nasal and respiratory passages, and also to focus the mind.
Calcium Gluconate: A plant-derived substance that is used as an anti-inflammatory and a healing agent within skincare cosmetics.
Calcium Sodium Borosilicate: An ingredient used as a bulking agent in cosmetic products.
Calendula: comes from Marigolds and is found to soothe irritated and inflamed skin when applied topically, therefore helping conditions such as acne, eczema & nappy rash & other skin conditions. Great for nappy rash is Weleda's Calendula Nappy Change Cream
Calendula Extract: An extract that is obtained from marigold flowers and is used to treat inflammations of the skin. Calendula extract is also used to reduce the appearance of body scars and to soothe dry skin. It is also though to be a remedy for red eyes.
Calendula Officinalis: A plant derived substance of the calendula; used as an emollient in cosmetics.
Calendula Tincture: A natural, plant derived substance that is used as an anti-inflammatory and skin soothing agent.
California Poppy: This perennial plant is used by California Indians to treat colic pains.
Callitris Intratropica Cypress: This is otherwise known as blue cypress oil, and has wound healing and skin cleansing abilities.
Callitris Quadrivalvis Gum: Obtained from a coniferous tree of North Africa and Spain, this extract is commonly used in cosmetics as an emulsion stablising agent.
Calodendrum Capense Nut Oil: An oil used as a moisturiser in skin conditioning and hair conditioning products.
Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil: A fixed oil from the seeds of the Calophyllum
tacamahaca, this substance is a topical skin healing agent.
Camelina Sativa: An English plant that belongs to the same family as rapeseed. Camelina Sativa is used as a skin moisturiser.
Camellia Sinesis Leaf Extract: This leaf extract has strong antibacterial properties and is commonly found in herbal teas and fragrances.
Camphor: An extract with the ability to cool and tone the skin. Camphor is used as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic additive in cosmetic products such as aftershave, sun tan lotion, lip balms and toners.
Cananga Odorata Flower Oil: A popular, flower-derived oil for aromatherapy uses.
Candela Wax: Often used in lip balms, candela wax has the ability to bind oils and waxes to provide extra body to a product.
Candellila Wax: Used to give strength and also softness to cosmetic products, commonly lipsticks.
Cannabis sativa: Cannabis sativa is a herb in the Cannabaceae family. The extract from the herb is also known as hemp oil, and is used to hydrate skin and reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride: An oily substance derived from Coconut oil. Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is an emollient and solvent and is used in skincare products and anti-aging creams.
Caprylyl Glycol: Naturally derived from coconut, Caprylyl Glycol protects against bacteria and enhances the skins ability to absorb water.
Carbomer: A chemical that is used in beauty products for its gel forming and viscosity controlling abilities.
Carcinogens: Cancer causing chemicals. Examples include Formaldehyde and Perchloroethylene, which can be found in some spot removers and nail polish removers.
Carica (Papaya) Leaf Extract: An extract from the leaves of the Papaya fruit. The extract is used as a tonic to cleanse, heal, and rejuvenate the skin.
Carnauba Wax: Used to give lipsticks a longer lasting finish.
Carrot Oil: Used as a colouring agent and fragrance within cosmetic products. Carrot oil is rich in Vitamin A and is suitable for use on sensitive skin.
Carthamus Tinctorius: A herbaceous, thistle like shrub that is used in topical skin care lotions, moisturisers and bath scrubs.
Cassia Alata Leaf Extract: An extract of the candle tree that is commonly used to treat itchy skin, acne and eczema.
Castor Isostearate Succinate: A natural polymer, of vegetable origin, is often used in liquid based cosmetic products. The substance helps to leave the skin feeling
smooth, and it also has good adhesion qualities for pigments.
Caudalie: A French brand that produces organic anti-aging products.
Cedarwood Oil: Cedarwood oil is an antiseptic and a stimulant that is used to stimulate blood circulation.
Cellulite: Deposits of fat and other material trapped in pockets beneath the skin.
Centella Asiatica: An extract of the roots of the hydrocotyl, this substance is used as a skin cleansing and skin smoothing agent in beauty products.
Cera Alba: Cera Alba is also known as beeswax and is used as a thickening agent in cosmetics.
Cera Carnauba: A hard vegetable wax with film forming and emollient properties.
Ceratonia Siliqua Extract: An extract from the fruit of the locus bean; commonly used as an agent to soften and sooth the skin.
Cetearyl Alcohol: A mixture of fatty alcohols, which have emollient, emulsifying, and viscosity controlling properties.
Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate: Used as a conditioning agent on the surface of the skin to give the skin a soft and smooth appearance. Also used in hair conditioning products.
Cetearyl Glucoside: An organic emulsifier derived from corn and cocunut. Cetearyl Glucoside is used to help bind moisturisers together.
Cetearyl Octanoate: This substance comes from coconut oil and is used as an emollient in skincare products.
Cetearyl Olivate: An extract of the algae; commonly used as a skin protecting agent within cosmetics.
Cetyl Alcohol: An alcohol that is used as a thickening agent and moisturiser in hair products, to help smooth and soften hair cuticles.
Chamomile: Chamomile is a flowering plant used in herbal remedies to reduce pain and swelling in the skin. It has anti-inflammatory, skin soothing, and emollient properties.
Chamomilla Recutita Flower Extract: A plant-derived substance with an aromatic smell, used as an emollient in skincare products.
Chemical peel: Chemical solution applied to the skin to remove damaged outer layers and leave you with new skin
Chitin: Part of crustacean shells, Chitin is well tolerated by the skin and is often used as a cosmetic bulking agent.
Chlorella Vulgaris: An extract from algae, commonly used in cosmetic products.
Chlorobutanol: A chemical that is known to act as a preservative in skincare products.
Chlorphenesin: Commonly used as a preservative in beauty products.
Chondrus Crispus: Chondrus Crispus is otherwise known as Irish Moss. It is a type of algae that is used to fight cellulite and also to control the viscosity of cosmetic products.
Chromium Oxide: A green pigment used within cosmetics primarily as a dye.
Cichorium Intybus Leaf Extract: A plant-derived extract that is used within cosmetic products as a skin conditioner.
Cinnamal: Cinnamal is a yellow, sweetly scented liquid that is used to give cinnamon its spice.
Cinnamic Acid: A natural, plant-derived acid that is often found in sunscreen to protect against the suns rays.
Cinnamomum Glanduliferum: Commonly known as the false gamptor tree, this extract is used in cosmetic oils due to its rich aroma.
Cinnamyl: A chemical that is used as an odour masking agent in beauty products.
Citral: A chemical component, derived from plants, which is used within fragrances due to its lemony smell.
Citric Acid: Derived from the citrus fruit, citric acid is high in Vitamin C and is often used in cosmetic products to neutralise odours. Also used as a preservative due to its antioxidant properties.
Citronellol: A natural plant-derived substance with a sweet fragrance that is used to mask odours contained within cosmetic products.
Citrus Aurantfolia: An acid from the lime fruit, this substance is used to fight cellulite and has cleansing, antiseptic and tonic properties.
Citrus Aurantium Amara Extract: Citrus Aurantium Amara is the extract from a spiny evergreen bitter orange tree and is used in beauty products for its refreshing nature.
Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil: A volatile oil that is obtained from the citrus fruit of Bergamot. The oil has antiseptic and antibiotic properties and is often used in skincare products to treat acne.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Extract: A skin conditioner that is derived from orange peel extract.
Citrus Grandis Extract: An extract obtained from the peel of the grapefruit; used as an astringent and a tonic.
Citrus Medica Limonum Peel Oil: A volatile oil obtained from lemon peel; used as a tonic and masking agent.
Citrus Sinensis Oil: The natural oil from the sweet orange; used in skin conditioning products.
Citrus Tangerina Peel Oil: Plant derived extract from the fruit of the tangerine; used in beauty products as a tonic.
Clarifying: An agent (toner/astringent) that is used after the cleansing of skin to restore natural pH levels.
Clary Sage Essential Oils: Obtained from the herbs and flowers of the clary, clary sage oil is used as a tonic and a masking agent.
Clay: an ingredient which is used in face masks most commonly for people with oily skin and acne conditions to draw out all the impurities and clean the area and remove toxins. Clay has amazingly rich physio-chemical properties that are perfect for detoxing and cleansing the skin. Morroccan Purifying Clay Mask by John Masters is worth trying .
Cleansing: Part of the strict 'cleanse, tone and moisturise' mantra which needs to be adhered to twice a day to ensure your facial skin remains in a healthy condition. It is a false economy not to use premium products and the Cleansing Cream by Dr. Hauschka comes highly recommended. This is a deep cleansing product which maintains the skin's pH balance and supports its natural moisture level.
Clindamycin: A substance applied to the surface of the skin to treat acne. Has the possible side-effect of promoting severe inflammation of the colon.
Clove: Clove is a herb that promotes healthy blood circulation, digestion and nutrition, and has the ability to disinfect the kidneys and liver.
Cocamidopropyl Betainamide Mea Chloride: An ammonium salt that is used as a foam boosting agent and a cleansing agent.
Coco-Glucoside: A non-ioninc surfactant. It is a combination of Glucose and Coconut Oil which when mixed together produces a fine foam which is both mild and gentle
Cocoa Butter: A thickening agent commonly found in soaps, lipsticks and hand creams.
Cocoamide: Derived from fatty acids present in coconuts, Cocoamide is used to enhance the lathering and cleansing ability of cosmetic products.
Coco-betaine: Derived from coconut oil, this substance has a yellowy appearance and is used as cleanser, foaming agent, conditioner, emulsifier and viscosity increasing agent.
Coco-Glucoside: A plant-derived alcohol, caused by the reaction between cocoa and glucose. Coco-glucoside is used as surfactant and foaming agent in cosmetic products.
Coconut Alcohol: A plant-derived alcohol, with the ability to moisturise the skin. Coconut alcohol is also used to stabilise cosmetics and to protect the skin.
Cocos Nucifera: A term used to describe organic coconut oil, used to soothe dry and damaged skin.
Collagen: A natural substance within body tissues. It can be injected into the skin to plump up particular areas. Mainly used in plastic surgeries and anti-aging skincare.
Coltsfoot: A herb that is used to sooth and soften the scalp.
Commiphora Myrrha: A cleansing substance, extracted from the bark of the mhyrr.
Compress: which are soaked and then applied to the face, a process which Amarya use when they do the Dr Hausckha facials, first a warm one and then a cool one, to open and close pores
Concealer: A concealer is a thick, opaque type of make-up that is used to cover skin blemishes such as bags under the eyes, spots, and redness of the skin.
Conditioner: A conditioner is creamy substance that is used after shampooing to moisturise and detangle the hair.
Copernicia Cerifera: A wax derived from the Copernicia cerifera; used as an emollient and a film forming agent.
Corn Oil: Corn Oil is an emollient used to smoothen and soften the skin.
Cornflower hydrosol: An organic substance commonly used as an eye-wash. Also a treatment for dry skin.
Cornmeal: Cornmeal is often an ingredient within soap and is used to remove dead skin from the surface of the skin.
Corn Starch: Derived from Maize
Corylus Avellana Oil: Otherwise known as Hazel seed oil, and used as a skin conditioning agent and helps solve oily skin problems.
Cosmetics: Cosmetics is the term used to describe products that are used to cleanse or to enhance appearance.
Coumarin: A fragrant chemical compound that is used as a masking agent in health and beauty products.
Crataegus Monogina Extract: Derived from the leaves and berries of the crataegus monogina, this extract is a tonic and an astringent.
Cream: A substance used to provide moisture to the skin. A cream is softer than a lotion.
Crows Feet: small wrinkles that radiate from the outer eye corners - use Frankincense Eye + Lip Serum by Neal’s Yard Remedies to help.
Crispus (Carrageenan) Extract: A type of red seaweed used for its skin conditioning and viscosity controlling properties.
Crithmum Maritimum Extract: This substance is extracted from sea fennel and has skin conditioning and skin toning properties.
Cucumber: Cucumber is a common ingredient in facial creams and is often placed over eyes to reduce swelling.
Cucumis Melo: Extract of the melon fruit, cucumis melo is used to soften the skin and to reduce the effects of aging.
Cucurbita Pepo Seed Oil: An oil from the seeds of the pumpkin; used as an emollient in skincare products.
Curcuma Long Root: Also known as turmeric root, curcuma long is an Indian root use to strengthen and protect the skin.
Curcum Longa Extract: An extract of the rhizomes of the turmeric. Curcuma Longa Extract is a tonic.
Cuticle: In hair, the cuticles are the layer on the outer edge of the hair shaft. In nails, the cuticle is the fold of skin at the base of the fingernail. Great for cuticles: Dr. Hauschka Neem Nail Oil
Cyanus Water: Also known as cornflower water, cyanus water is a plant-derived solution that is used for moisturising and skin conditioning in cosmetic products.
Cyclomethicone: A silicon based oil that is clear and odourless. Cyclomethicone has many cosmetic uses including acting as an emollient, a solvent, a humectant, a hair conditioning and viscosity controlling substance.
Cymbopogon Martinii Flower Oil: Extracted from the East Indian and Turkish Germanium plant, this oil has a sweet floral odour and as a result it is used as a fragrance in cosmetics.
Cynara Scolymus: Artichoke leaf extract; used to protect the skin.
Cypressus Sempervians: The Mediterranean Cypress tree; the extracts are commonly used in aroma therapy oils to smoothen and relax the skin.
Cyst: A cyst is a condensed mass that is full of puss and often found below the surface of the skin.
Cystine: An amino acid that helps prevent the body from radiation and pollution due to is antioxidant properties.